Debating China’s “Peaceful Rise”

After yesterday evening’s discussion, you may be interested in this exchange on the issue of China’s “peaceful rise” between Professor Zhang Xiaoming of Peking University and Professor Barry Buzan of the London School of Economics, which was published in The Chinese Journal of International Politics in 2010.


4 thoughts on “Debating China’s “Peaceful Rise”

  1. Nicolas Laignelet

    I wanted to mention a subject I was reading about in the chapter regarding Europe in the book “International Relations of Asia” that we are using for this class. It seems one of the main problematic issues in Euro – Chinese relations is an EU embargo on arm trade with China which was adopted after the Tienanmen Square “events / incident / massacre / slaughter / misunderstanding”. But it seems never to come up as a serious issue in the US – China relations even if the US also has an arm embargo with China. I’m wondering why.

    And it finally explains why China keeps buying it’s military material from Russia, the reason we can definitely assume not being better quality.

    My question is, could we see this arm embargo being lifted in the few years to come ?
    I definitely cannot imagine the US lifting it’s embargo in the near future. But who knows, a sluggish European economy wanting to make it’s industry work, France pushing this idea in order to sell it’s “Rafale” (until India recently bought it, no foreign country had wanted this great but overpriced plane for years)…

    1. Juan Manuel López Nadal

      Spain does also support the end to the EU arms embargo against China, that was imposed as a consequence of the Tianamen massacre. There seem to be no real reason to keep this embargo in the present circumstances. Apparently the US and Japan are bringing pressure to maintain an embargo which negatively affects EU-China relations

    2. Michael Ng

      For my point of view, I tend to believe EU’s arm embargo against China will not be lifted in coming few years. Though China has emphasized its peaceful rise in many different occasions since 2003 and tries hard to avoid the notion of international conflict and confrontation and eliminate the concept of China is going to adjust the global political frameworks, according to speech given by Zheng, Bijian during Boao Forum for Asia in 2003, even in recent 15th EU-China Business Summit held in Brussels, Chinese PM Wen Jiabao again urged EU leaders to lift the arms embargo against China. Some EU members (like France and Spain) may keen on revise the arm embargo on Beijing, but US and Britain have showed opposite view again EU’s proposal in the revision. It seems the situation will last for a while but the economy issues, like resolving of the debt crisis in euro zone will still be the key discussion topic between EU and China.

  2. Juan Manuel López Nadal

    I tend to agree with prof.Barry Buzan’s postion concerning the doubts on “China’s peaceful rising”. Recent events in the South China and East China Seas – vs ASEAN countries and Japan respectively – show a self- confident, uncompromising and assertive Chinese attitude. In Chinese foreign policy making the imperatives of a “responsible stakeholder keen on economic cooperation and the construction of a friendly regional environment are damaged by periodical outbursts of rabid nationalism, particularly in transitional power circumstances at the domestic front.
    On China’rise and its impact in Asia Pacific I would recommend the books by Susan Shirk – “China; Fragile SuperPower (Oxford 2007);
    Liselotte Odegaard – “China and Coexistence” ( Johns Hopkins, 2012), and Jean-Pierre Cabestan – ” La Politique Internationale de la Chine”
    (Sciences Po , París,2010)- in French.
    The linkages between foreign policy, grand strategy, regime preservation and foreign policy making are masterly dealt with in different ways in these three books


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